The Smart Cities IoT Devthon for Metropolis

  • About The Event
  • Outcomes
  • Media Coverage
  • Participating Organisations
  • Opportunities and Challenges

Introduction
According to the United Nations, already in July 2007, the urban population surpassed the rural population in the world. Moreover, this proportion is expected to increase dramatically in the coming years to the point that by 2050, almost 70% of the world population will be urban and many cities will have over 10 million inhabitants.  It is estimated that by 2025 in China alone, there will be 221 cities in excess of 10 million inhabitants.  Europe currently has 35 such cities. As such, innovation in urban design, technologies, and services.cities need to become smarter in order to remain sustainable.

The recent government of India’s announcement to create 100 smart cities has raised the decibel level around the concept of smart cities in popular conversations. So what essentially is a smart city? Is having better roads or public infrastructure like emergency services or government kiosks (meeseva) constitute a smart city? Why do we need our cities to become smarter?. What are the opportunities with smart cities? These are some of the questions we will try to answer with this document.

Definition
Smart city is still a fuzzy concept and it will be difficult to scope it thoroughly. The wikipedia definition is “A city can be classified as a “smart city” by its innovation and ability to solve problems and use of ICTs ( Information and communication technologies) to improve this capacity. They are “innovation ecosystems” that offer ample opportunities for sustainable, user-driven “intelligent services”. This can be achieved by combining open innovation processes, advanced e-Government service applications, cloud computing and IoT technologies”.

Why do we need smart cities?
Cities have a major impact on the economic and social development of nations.  They are genuine platforms where people live, where companies have their businesses and in which numerous services are provided.  They are also major centers of consumption of resources. Currently, cities consume 75% of the world’s resources and energy and generate 80% of greenhouse gases, occupying only 2% of the world’s territory. This trend is set to continue as city economies begin to scale.

The goal here is simply to make our existing cities better and more intelligent. A smart city would create major savings, bring in efficiencies and provide a higher quality of life while ensuring increased productivity. Imagine living in a lively city with rich social landscape, with clean and well designed spaces, pleasant environments, safe and secure and having quick connectivity.

Another important reason to make our cities smarter is the national and global competitiveness. A city that provides a vibrant and innovative ecosystem in a sustainable paradigm is a magnet for talent and businesses. 

All of this can be achieved by using information and communication technologies enabled by sensors and actuators so that its critical infrastructure as well as its public services are more interactive and efficient. Irrigation of parks and gardens, traffic management ( HTRIMS) , garbage collection and transportation, smart metering are some of the areas that improve the quality of our lives while helping us conserve our resources.

What are the opportunities?
There are multitude of opportunities for entrepreneurs , students  ,  businesses and other organizations that can be unravelled in this pursuit. We are detailing a few broad areas which can be prospected.

Responsive governance - Applications enabling e-participation of citizens in governance consulting process. 

Urban mobility - traffic management in real time, management of passenger transport means, management of car parks, fleet management, management of the use of bicycles, payment of tolls, support in the use of electric vehicles, tracking applications and logistics, car sharing services, etc. 

Energy efficiency and, in general, sustainable management of resources: Smart energy grid, smart metering, urban waste collection and processing, management of public parks and gardens, measuring of environmental parameters, etc.

Management of the city’s infrastructures: sanitation and waste management, management of public buildings and building automation, management of public infrastructures and urban facilities, reporting of incidents by citizens, disaster & crisis frameworks and support systems, public parking lot management

Public safety: management of public emergency services and civil defence, video-surveillance and security of citizens, fire prevention and detection, etc.

City services: water supply instrumentation, monitoring and data collection, 

Health: telemonitoring and telemedicine, telecare and social services, public health services, etc.

Education and culture: e-learning and teleworking, e-tourism and cultural information, e-commerce, etc.

Solutions for physically challenged: helping them improve their lives, assistance for Senior Citizens/Old Age homes, Self Help Groups

During the Event
During Devthon there was a collaboration of a diverse group of individuals consisting of engineers, designers, developers, urban researchers, technology architects, data scientists, citizens and the government amongst others. Industry experts from varied fields provided support and assistance to the participants with their ideas and the problem. The event provided a ‘Hack Shop’ where individuals picked up sensors, hardware devices, electronics and a 3D printer to prototype ideas for better cities.

The final jury comprised of Professor Vasudeva Varma, Dean (Research), IIIT Hyderabad, Entrepreneur Ashhar Farhan and Karuna Gopal, President, Foundation for Futuristic Cities, and Dr U Chandrasekhar, Director, Engineering Staff College of India.

  • One stop hyderabad -
    Platform for citizens to highlight city civic issues that forces action from the city administration.
    The team prototyped the IOs application which is an integrated reporting system.
    From a bad road to garbage issues, the platform takes greviences of all natures
    The team of 5 includes aman, sachin, anupriya, steven and niranjan

  • Road QA -
    Crowdsourced automated road quality reportage analyzes movements of a commuter’s mobile and reports bad road conditions.
    The team uses onboard sensors on mobile devices to identify the road and the condition of a road automatically without any interaction necessary from the user
    jaydeep a freelance web dev was leading the project

  • Swacch Hyderabad -
    Smart Bins that decrease the amount of carbon footprint throughout the city.
    The team built smart public garbage bins, equipped with RFID to identify the interval at which they are attended
    The 3 people team from ilabs helps officials prioritize the bins and help for a faster and more efficient waste disposal from public roads

  • Smart Parking -
    As the name states, the team focuses on solving the parking issue that most of the malls have, In terms of identifying a parking space and thereby estimating the capacity.
    This is an app and hardware based solution that work in tandom to fulfil the abovesaid problem.

  • Aid for disabled -
    This is a Navigation system for visually disabled using voice based instructions and open maps.
    The team uses RFID technology and their own platform to help disabled people navigate public spaces by triangulating their location and guiding them.

  • AADR -
    Automatic Accident Detection and Rescue System is a hardware solution for vehicles that triggers a message upon an accident and contacts medical emergencies
    This solution drastically reduces the response time by automatically triggering the emergency teams to the location
    The team has achieved this through a custom hardware and software approach

About HYSEA (Hyderabad Software Enterprises Association)
HYSEA (Formerly ITsAP) is a registered apex body with more than 300 members representing the software industry in Hyderabad. It is a not for profit organization whose vision is ‘To Position Hyderabad as the leading intellectual capital of the world, by nurturing entrepreneurship, research and innovation, to achieve global excellence in IT products and services’. HYSEA works very closely with the Government, STPI – Hyderabad and with various industry bodies like NASSCOM, FICCI, CII, TiE, AMCHAM, IACC, FAPCCI, etc.and acts as a catalyst to promote the growth of the IT & ITES industry in the Hyderabad.

About TASK (Telangana Academy for Skill and Knowledge)
TASK is a society of the Government of Telangana for enhancing the Skills and Knowledge of the Engineering and the Traditional Degree graduates of the state of Telangana for cultivating a culture of Research, enhancing the entrepreneurial spirit and the overall standards of Education. The objective of TASK is to create an enabling environment and it works in coordination with the Industry, the Academia and the Government.

 

Definition

Smart city is still a fuzzy concept and it will be difficult to scope it thoroughly. The wikipedia definition is “A city can be classified as a “smart city” by its innovation and ability to solve problems and use of ICTs ( Information and communication technologies) to improve this capacity. They are “innovation ecosystems” that offer ample opportunities for sustainable, user-driven “intelligent services”. This can be achieved by combining open innovation processes, advanced e-Government service applications, cloud computing and IoT technologies”.

Why do we need smart cities?
Cities have a major impact on the economic and social development of nations. They are genuine platforms where people live, where companies have their businesses and in which numerous services are provided. They are also major centers of consumption of resources. Currently, cities consume 75% of the world’s resources and energy and generate 80% of greenhouse gases, occupying only 2% of the world’s territory. This trend is set to continue as city economies begin to scale.

The goal here is simply to make our existing cities better and more intelligent. A smart city would create major savings, bring in efficiencies and provide a higher quality of life while ensuring increased productivity. Imagine living in a lively city with rich social landscape, with clean and well designed spaces, pleasant environments, safe and secure and having quick connectivity.

Another important reason to make our cities smarter is the national and global competitiveness. A city that provides a vibrant and innovative ecosystem in a sustainable paradigm is a magnet for talent and businesses.

All of this can be achieved by using information and communication technologies enabled by sensors and actuators so that its critical infrastructure as well as its public services are more interactive and efficient. Irrigation of parks and gardens, traffic management ( HTRIMS) , garbage collection and transportation, smart metering are some of the areas that improve the quality of our lives while helping us conserve our resources.

What are the opportunities?
There are multitude of opportunities for entrepreneurs , students , businesses and other organizations that can be unravelled in this pursuit. We are detailing a few broad areas which can be prospected.

Responsive governance - Applications enabling e-participation of citizens in governance consulting process.

Urban mobility - traffic management in real time, management of passenger transport means, management of car parks, fleet management, management of the use of bicycles, payment of tolls, support in the use of electric vehicles, tracking applications and logistics, car sharing services, etc.

Energy efficiency and, in general, sustainable management of resources: Smart energy grid, smart metering, urban waste collection and processing, management of public parks and gardens, measuring of environmental parameters, etc.

Management of the city’s infrastructures: sanitation and waste management, management of public buildings and building automation, management of public infrastructures and urban facilities, reporting of incidents by citizens, disaster & crisis frameworks and support systems, public parking lot management

Public safety: management of public emergency services and civil defence, video-surveillance and security of citizens, fire prevention and detection, etc.

City services: water supply instrumentation, monitoring and data collection,

Health: telemonitoring and telemedicine, telecare and social services, public health services, etc.

Education and culture: e-learning and teleworking, e-tourism and cultural information, e-commerce, etc.

Solutions for physically challenged, helping them improve their lives, assistance for Senior Citizens/Old Age homes, Self Help Groups

Challenges & Opportunities

  • Traffic monitoring and data collection using aerial survey
  • Tracking garbage truck routes in the city
  • Detecting and collecting data on road damages
  • Reduction of Electricity consumption, using IoT and Mobile Devices.  

Please find our other opportunities here